One-third of Americans self report as obese, and bariatric surgery has become a leading treatment option. Approximately 200,000 procedures are performed annually, most commonly gastric sleeves.
Roux en Y Gastric Bypass: Classically the most well known bariatric surgery, where the proximal stomach is attached to the distal small bowel, and the stomach is stapled to create a small functional stomach. The stomach may be attached from the anterior or posterior aspect, leading to some individual variability.
Laparoscopic Gastric Banding: A band is placed around the superior stomach by dragging behind the posterior aspect and then secured.
Sleeve Gastrectomy: The stomach is stapled to removal a large portion of the stomach.